Water ! Water is essential to geology.
Almost frozen water droplet at dawn.
Hot water from the hot springs changes rock forms and creates rock too.
A clear bubbly spitting geyser.
Lower Falls of the Yellowstone River.
The Lower Falls of the Yellowstone in August.
October snow on the Absaroka Mts from Old Chico
Transmission assembly at Chico Hot Springs in foreground.
The Gallatin Mts were formed some 35 million years ago.
Water makes the Valley Grow
Paradise Valley relies on clean water for agriculture. The Yellowstone River flows through the valley. The water from streams and creeks feed the Yellowstone with clean water. Lets keep it just that way.
Crazy Mts. The first range of the Northern Rockies. Livingston, MT is often called the last city on the Great Plains.
Scene from Old Chico with a 600mm lens, The Crazy Mts stand out at dusk.
Emigrant Creek Irrigation
As the glacier receded the Chico Moraines left the rolling terrain. It is high mountain desert with very porous soils. The Absaroka Fault runs right over the Chico Road seen here.
The Basin and Range. Paradise Valley is the basin, the Gallatin and Absaroka Mts form the ranges.
Paradise Valley North from Emigrant Peak, 7,200 foot level. Chico Hot Springs is at the bottom of the dark ridge. Crazy Mts on the horizon beyound Rock Canyon.
The Gariner Basin from the Joe Brown Trail.
This was a lake when the ice dam at the south end of Yankee Jim Canyon blocked the river.
Yellowstone River cuts through the debris that forms the porous ground of the Paradise Valley.
Gallatin Mts on the left. Crazy Mts in back and Absaroka Mts on the right. The Yellowstone flows North through Rock Canyon and through Livingston...the last city on the prairie or the first city in the Rocky Mts.
Hepburn Butte, Yellowstone River
The Yellowstone River cut through Hepburn Butte millions of years ago. The top of Hepburn Butte is a columnar Basalt created by a lava flow. Absaroka Mts on the right.
Emigrant Peak. Three peaks. Hepburn Butte and the Yellowstone River.
Hepburn Butte has a columnar basalt cap over the sedimentary lake deposits below, which contain many fossils. Hepburn Butte extends from Dome Mt North to a point about 3 miles North of Emigrant. The butte was cut by the massive flows of the Yellowstone River and the huge waters of ice dams failing above Yankee Jim Canyon. Hepburn Butte was once the bottom of the Yellowstone River. The lava cap flowed to the lowest point on the land which was the old river bottom.
Gallatin Mts on Left, Rock Canyon center, Absaroka Mts Right, Crazy Mts in back, Chico Moraines in foreground. .
Mountain building creates basins and ranges of mountains.
Tom Miner Basin and the NW corner of YNP from the road into Dailey Lake.
2 Tom Miner Basin from 6 Mile Creek area
Hepburn Butte on the Right was the old Yellowstone Riverbed. The butte goes from Dome Mt North to a point several miles North of Emigrant.
The Yellowstone River has cut through Hepburn Butte as it winds it way North in the Paradise Valley, MT.
Mt McKnight above Pine Creek. Area was burned out in 2012. Absaroka Range.
Many creeks run out of the Absaroka Mts and feed the Yellowstone River.
Pine Creek drainage, Absaroka Mts.
Glacial moraines border the entrance to Pine Creek as in flows into the Paradise Valley.
Mt McKinght showing the burned area from the 2012 fire.
1 Pine Creek Fire Burn area 2 17 16
Deep Creek drainage and the long moraine on the right.
Note the Elk in the pasture, irrigated lands and forested foothills at the foot of the Absaroka Mts in Paradise Valley.
Old Chico , Emigrant area of Paradise Valley.
Chico Moraines, Emigrant Creek and Yellowstone River from Emigrant Peak high meadows. The old dredge pond and tailing piles along Emigrant Creek in the foreground.
A Chico Moraine along Emigrant Creek.
1 Chico Moraines
Chico Moraines along Cemetery Road, Old Chico.
Stormy skies. This is the old Emigrant Creek bed you are driving on as you travel along Cemetery Road.