John Hepburn of Hepburn Mesa
Hepburn came to Paradise Valley in 1888. He had a windmill that produced 24 volts. The windmill powered a rock roller to polish rocks. Hepburn's place became a stop for tourists and school kids. Fossils from the Mesa included small horses and other interesting finds from 35 million years ago.
Hepburns cabin and outbuildings are part of the Historic Register.
1 John Hepburn plaque
The Hepburn Head at Hepburn Mesa.
These deposits were the bottom of an inland sea some 35 million years ago. There is a good fossil record to be found in the deposits.
Hepburn Mesa, Yellowstone River, Absaroka Mts.
The Yellowstone River cut through Hepburn Mesa millions of years ago. The top of Hepburn Butte is a columnar Basalt created by a lava flow. Absaroka Mts in the back ground.
Emigrant Peak. Three peaks. Hepburn Butte and the Yellowstone River.
Hepburn Mesa has a columnar basalt cap over the sedimentary lake deposits below, which contain many fossils. Hepburn Mesa extends from Dome Mt North to a point about 3 miles North of Emigrant. The butte was cut by the massive flows of the Yellowstone River and the huge waters of ice dams failing above Yankee Jim Canyon. Hepburn Mesa was once the bottom of the Yellowstone River. The lava cap flowed to the lowest point on the land which was the old river bottom.
Point of Rocks. A dyke on the left and horizontal bedded lahars on the right.
The Gallatin Mts were quite high at one point and have eroded. Here you see the remnants of an old debris flow on the right. The Dyke on the left is an intrusion of harder material squized in between two softer layers of material.
Point of Rocks. Dike and Lahar flow.
The long Dyke was laid down across the bedding and turned vertical by mountain building. The Lahar Flow material behind the Dyke has been weathered to appear more vertical..
Deep Creek lateral moraine.
Out of the Absaroka's came a glacier arm and deposited this classic moraine.
Rock Canyon. Gallatin Range on the left, Absaroka Range on the Right.
Looking North from the cemetery on East River Road near Carter Bridge. Livingston is just beyond the gap. Livingston, last town on the prairie, first town in the Rockies.
Rock mass near Pine Creek Fire Station on RT 89. Was part of the Absaroka range 5 miles away to the East.
3 Paradise Valley Absaroka rock mass
Canyon Mt SW of Rock Canyon
3 North end of Gallatins Rock Canyon South
Canyon Mt across from Suce Creek. Old Yellowstone Trail North.
3 North end of Gallatins RC South 2
Close up of rock layers on Canyon Mt.
3 North end of Gallatin RCS 2
Canyon Mt formations.
3 N Gallatins rock formations
Close up of Canyon Mt Rocks
3 N end Gallatins RCS formation 2
Canyon Mt near Yellowstone River, Rock Canyon area.
3 N end Gallatins RCS formation
Upper Terrace at Mammoth Hot Springs. YNP.
Upper Terrace pour over
The Gallatin Mts were formed some 35 million years ago.
Columnar Basalt on top of volcanic debris in Canyon of the Yellowstone.
Volcanic debris on top. Columnar Basalt in the old Yellowstone River Bed and Yellowstone River gravels below the basalt. The basalt flow is from about 2 millions years ago, just before the big first eruption of the Yellowstone Caldera.
Lumpy Chico Moraines looking SW to Hepburn Butte.
North shoulder of Emigrant Peak on the left. Paradise Valley and the Gallatin Mts on the right.
Old Chico , Emigrant area of Paradise Valley.
Chico Moraines, Emigrant Creek and Yellowstone River from Emigrant Peak high meadows. The old dredge pond and tailing piles along Emigrant Creek in the foreground.
Pine Creek drainage, Absaroka Mts.
Glacial moraines border the entrance to Pine Creek as in flows into the Paradise Valley.